Novel Coronavirus is an RNA virus that was first reported in Wuhan, China in the early dates of December 2019. Chinese government investigate the case and reported its connection to the food markets of the city. Many workers and the visitors from there were found infected with the virus. The chain reaction of the spread of the virus started. Almost till the 1st January 2020, the food market got sealed to control the further spread from there.
The virus named SARS-COV-2 is initially originated in a bat as it is almost 97% similar to bat virus. As humans and bats are naturally having the same origin it’s an easy spread into the race. The virus isn’t a laboratory construct because it is closely related to the SARS-COV-1 that cause an outbreak of the disease in 2003 and its genomic sequence isn’t mixed which is what most synthetic viruses are.
The virus is considered one of the large RNA viruses. The virus structure is club-shaped having spikes on its surface which are used for the attachment on the host receptor cell surfaces.
The genomic sequence of the virus was shared with the world on 11-12 January 2020 so that a better scientific approach towards the virus is to be made. Its genomic sequence suggests that it is a positive-sense RNA single-stranded enveloped virus having a genomic sequence of almost 26.4 to 31.7kb (kilobases). Like mostly RNA viral genomes it also consists of a 5’-methylated cap and 3’-polyadenylated tail.
As the coronavirus is related to the common cold virus (rhinovirus) people usually misjudge its symptoms. The common cold is not harmful and usually treated within 7-10 days without causing any severe difficulties but SARS-COV-2 initiates as common cold symptoms including sore throat and mild fever but can lead to severe pneumonia, shortness of breath, and even death of the patient. Many preys of the virus are old and disease history patients because of the lack of their immunity but the virus also proves fatal for young people having a weak immune system.
Not all people develop symptoms of the disease. Almost 1/3 of patients remain asymptomatic but yet have the ability to spread disease. 5% of the total patients suffer critical symptoms including respiratory failure and needing ventilators at the end stages.
So the first and foremost precaution is to wear a mask and maintain a fair distance from others and treatment is to isolate from others and to take proper medicines and immune boosters so that the natural immune system helps against the fight of the virus.
There are almost 121,396,573 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and over 2,684,507 deaths recorded globally till now.
- Life before Covid-19
Life was quite easy before the spread of the pandemic. People were more physically active and life was considered to be normal. The busy pace of life and daily social interaction with other people have been a positive effect on people surviving through psychological issues like anxiety and depression.
Daily life practices like shaking hands, hugging were taken for granted. People were less likely to develop a feeling of vulnerability towards others. Extrovert behavior and activeness towards life roles were more before the outbreak of a pandemic.
The economy was way better as the business and markets were at their peak of success.
Morning and evening stroll, socializing, the freedom of going out without a mask was some golden times.
- Present Impacts of Pandemic:
People were taking the pandemic quite easy but as it hits the most developed and powerful countries like the U.S, U.K, Italy, and Spain there have been strict rules implemented to stop the spread this causes many effects against as well as in favor of communities.
Negative Impacts :
As the global pandemic hits the world many people fall on the verge of being unemployed and socially distressed. The digital world took over the real world and introverted behavior become common among people. Health problems are due to an increase in screen time as weak eyesight, migraine, obesity, etc increases.
The world got hit upon by a huge economic loss. The risk of falling into the ultimate poverty increases by almost 132 million till the end of the year. Almost 3.3 billion people all over the world lose their jobs due to recession. Almost 300 million people became jobless by mid of 2020 and 64% job loss in small businesses which globally caries almost 47.1% employment of workers.
Violence cases on streets have become less but in houses, it increases especially among females. Statistically, there’s been a rise in domestic abuse cases including 32–36% in France, 21–35% in the USA, 25% increase in UK domestic abuse hotline calls, and a 75% rise in google search domestic abuse help center. Anxiety and depression are rapidly increasing among individuals due to staying alone and doing nothing all day.
Positive impact socially and ecologically :
This pandemic situation ecologically benefits nature as the emissions of poisonous gases become less due to people staying at home. According to the IEA (International Energy Agency), The energy usage has fallen by 20% even though the household energy demand increases 40% due to the pandemic but it is way less than the offices and other energy-consuming sites. Global power usage decreases by 6% in 2020.
Due to restriction of travel, the automobiles have decreased almost 70% and the air travel by 80% compared to the previous year.
The pandemic situation allows people to do work from home only so they develop creative ideas to keep them busy and earning at home. Many people move towards online earning sites and doing E-commerce. Total internet usage increases by 70%. Telecom companies reported an almost 50% rise in internet usage. Zoom users increase almost four times than previous year.
People saving from travel and hotel expenses and busying products related to household and clothes etc from online outlets of the brands and markets. Sites like
E-bay and Amazon are getting profits as there are higher sales of almost 51% of Amazon sellers.
The value of health care workers and researchers has increased during the pandemic and people all over the world appreciate them for their noble work and frontline duties. There’s more attention and work for the betterment of health-related departments than ever in the world.
Grants are provided to scientists and researchers to find a better way to fight against the virus. A lot of study and research has been done related to the disease since its outbreak and the whole world is united in finding a better cure.
Myths about Covid:
There have been so many myths since the start of the pandemic but science denies all these with logical facts.
- Wearing a mask doesn’t do anything Masks weren’t recommended first because of not knowing their beneficial cause but the studies from Hongkong prove that even surgical masks can reduce the spread of the virus.
- Wearing a mask is dangerous because you get CO2 poisoning CO2 doesn’t accumulate in masks. The O2 level remains quite normal if people are not sick.
- Consuming disinfectants can kill the virus Disinfectants are not made to be ingested and can damage organs and prove fatal to life as they are corrosive chemicals.
- Cleaning fruits and vegetables can kill viruses Edibles can never be washed with cleaning agents because of the body’s damaging chemicals.
- Asymptomatic people aren’t contagious These people are contagious as they carry the disease and indeed can pass it on to others. That’s why everybody should wear a mask.
- Young healthy people won’t die from COVID-19 but individuals having no previous medical history do die because of Covid even in a small percentage.
- You won’t get the virus twice. You can get the virus twice if the viral residues are still left behind in the body.
- Consuming alcohol decreases the chance of getting the virus. This is also a myth because consuming alcohol only damages organs and does no good to the body in fighting against the virus.
- Mutations :
According to WHO, there’s a new Covid strain mutation called N501Y both in the UK and South Africa to the spike protein that sits on the surface of the coronavirus. Around 4,000 mutations but N501Y mutation is on the part of the protein that binds with human cells, so there is a possibility that this mutation could make it easier for the virus to invade our cells. Other variants as D614G makes the virus more spreadable. A few months back a new variant was thought to infect more than 200 people in Denmark.
- Vaccination and its effects :
The first and foremost defense system of the body against the virus is the immune system. Macrophages, B-lymphocytes, and T-lymphocytes fight against the invading viruses as they multiply in the body. Recovery can take few days to weeks at the first time but later the “memory cells” of the body remember the invading particles and do the speedy recovery by fighting against them next time.
A person could get a mild fever-like symptom after vaccination but it’s not fatal because it’s a sign that the body is preparing for providing immunity against the disease.
Currently, there are almost 3 types of vaccines available in the market as mRNA, Vector, and protein subunit vaccines. All of these vaccines’ main work is to produce unique proteins to the virus which our body recognizes and develops T-lymphocytes and antibodies that will store the information to fight against the real more powerful virus in memory cells and use to fight against them in the future.
The shots of the vaccine depend on the type of the administered vaccine as Pfizer and Moderna require 2 shots at the distance of almost 2 weeks and Jhonson & johnson’s Janssen require 1 shot only.
According to CDC (Center for disease control and prevention ), almost 135,847,835 doses of vaccines are distributed among frontline members and most vulnerable people while the number of administered doses is almost 107,060,274.
- Future effects of the pandemic:
As with the daily discovery of various variants of the virus, it is quite difficult to predict that whether the world will be one day Covid free or not but yet there will be a lot of changes.
As stated by the facts of CSIS(Center for Strategic and International Studies)
Automobiles use falls by 30-40% till now in developed countries it is estimated that there will be a decrease in global 8% CO2 emission decrease by 2020 which means clean and save the environment.
Due to the pandemic, the Public health facilities get better even the developing countries are focusing on sanitization and hygiene measurements. That’s how we get a prediction of a clean world.
The pandemic hits almost more than 50% above 65 age in the US and 85% of aged over 70 the vulnerability of elder facilities will get better for the safety of this vulnerable group pointing towards a better-facilitated world for them.
Future predicts more conventional ways of people to do jobs like according to present scenario almost 62% workers switched to the online working in the US. Twitter already announced plans to make the remote online workers permanent in the future.
Governments making plans to recover the economic loss like the Korean green recovery plan which makes trade more powerful than ever.
Artificial intelligence is to be rise by 25% per year in years between 2020-26. AI will compromise 15. Trillion dollars of the world economy. Its use in health care centers will provide innovation in the field. Almost 20 million global jobs will be replaced by robotic by 2030 as predicted by Oxford Economics.
The petroleum demand of the US fell by 25%. Public transport by 62% in London and more than 80% across Italy and France. Energy demand decreases by 70% globally.
Online spending increases by 77.8%. Bitcoin value increase by 75% price by July 8. Almost 67% will be digital transactions by 2025. This increases the value of the digital currency and is predicted would be a “Digital World”.
Evolution and adaptations are part of nature. Life’s been surviving pandemics since the beginning and that’s how the fittest ones are selected by nature. It’s just the beginning of the new world. A world of new possibilities and a new scientific approach.
Article author: maryam00000 (Fiverr.com)