Pros and Cons of legalization of marijuana

Marijuana(Cannabis) is a greyish brown mixture of seeds, roots, leaves, stems, and flowers of hemp plant Cannabis sativa. Stronger forms of Marijuana are hash, hash oil, and Sinsemilla. It is popular as a psychoactive recreational drug around the globe. In some states, it has been legalized for medical and recreational purposes. But still, its legalization is a controversial issue.


Marijuana products are also effective at calming muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis. The reports state that it eases nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy. Cannabis or Cannabis-derived products appear to help people who have trouble sleeping due to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, or chronic pain.

Variety of different chemicals found in marijuana are beneficial in several ways

  • THC slows down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • CBD ceases cancer from spreading.
  • Cannabidiol oil reduced seizures by 39% in children with Dravet syndrome.
  • Cannabinoids may help people in recovering from opioid addiction.

Cannabis might be helpful in many diseases.

  • Relives symptoms of Crohn’s disease.
  • Soothes tremors due to Parkinson’s disease.
  • Helps to treat Glaucoma.
  • Relieves arthritis discomfort.
  • Improves the symptoms of Lupus.

Research has shown marijuana to contain “neuroprotective properties,” minimizing brain damage. It can also ward off nightmares. It might protect the brain from concussions and trauma. Cannabinoids activate the growth of brain cells and spur creativity. It helps to maintain low fats and regulate metabolism.

People who smoke marijuana ever in their lives may have higher sperm concentrations than those who have never used the drug. But still too little is known about the reproductive health effects of marijuana, to make strong statements about the impact of Marijuana on the reproductive system.

Pregnant women who use Marijuana are likely to harm their unborn with risky behaviors and poor nutrition. Prenatal exposure to marijuana causes developmental and health problems in children like low birth weight, impaired impulse control, and anemia. Moreover, it also increases the risk of infertility.

Marijuana can affect the cardiovascular system, temporally. Therefore, people with a high risk of heart problems should avoid it. The weed increases the risk of illness and infection due to a weakened immune system. Smoking burnt cannabis can severely harm the lungs and respiratory system stem from the amount of tars present in it. Cannabis is associated with mental and physical illnesses like Psychosis, Bipolar disorder Schizophrenia, Cannabis Use Disorder, and Bona Fide Cannabis withdrawal syndrome.


Marijuana may not be as potent as other drugs, that is why it is considered as a social drug and okay to use. But still, its benefits and harms are based on the strain, dosage, and other factors. Although used as recreation but long term use can be problematic for young people in permanently lowering their IQ.

Studies have confirmed that legalizing marijuana does not increase rates of usage among youth. The in-depth surveys suggest a quiet decrease in marijuana use. 

On average, traffic deaths dropped by 11% in states that have legalized marijuana use.  Even the arrests for driving under the influence of weed have decreased in states like Washington and Colorado. As the people under weed’s influence tend to be more cautious and take a few risks while driving to avoid any mishap. Driving while intoxicated can cause severe accidents. Researches say that motor vehicle accidents are 3% higher in states with legalized marijuana than the others.

People are more likely to smoke marijuana as it works to feel good. Users lack interest in their benefit and loss. The weed abusers stay in bliss and carefree illusions thinking that everything is and will remain fine.

Buy marijuana for recreational purposes that may be unhygienic and threatening to their health. To ensure safe recreational marijuana use, it should be available in toxins free versions. It is seen that Public safety has also been improved with the access to marijuana.

Marijuana can help people in speaking their minds and exchange their notions freely. It frequently allows users to make new friends and expand their peer groups.

Some of the ecstatic effects, although short-term, are as follows: 

  • Make users more receptive to new information.
  • Helps in spurring creativity.
  • Heightens or alter the senses (enhanced taste and sound).
  • Changes in mood and emotions.
  • Impaired body movement.
  • Delusions and hallucinations.
  • Short-term memory loss.
  • Difficulty with thinking and problem-solving.
  • Make one to think outside of the box.
  • Helpful in coping with everyday stress.
  • Make to feel energized and happy, thereby encouraging harmony.
  • Brings sense of relaxation and joy.
  • Allows one to appreciate the beauty of the Universe.

Users get arrested creating permanent criminal records. This results in loss of employment, financial aid, housing, and child custody. Thus, Marijuana arrests are no small matters. This is responsible for the poor quality of life of the users.


Other than the pros of Marijuana use it also leads to adverse consequences in all areas. The weed users can have indirect effects on the people around them. Positive social consequences are often subtle and unnoticed and encourage weed use. Negative social effects encourage individuals to reduce weed use and seek treatment.

Marijuana can help people who are trying to cut back on drinking to have a healthy life. It is used to treat depression, social anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. But slightly higher amounts of TCH made the anxiety worse. It is found to be good for relieving pain.

It has scientifically proven that Marijuana smoking lessen the number of fights. When people smoke marijuana they become incredibly friendly and may not have negative sensations. It is referred as “getting high.”

The weed lowers the inhibitions and makes individual more aware of the things around it and more. It increases one’s confidence, sociability and especially, reduces social anxiety. In this way users social and emotional well-being get better.

Serious problems in areas of social functioning cause problems at academics, workplace, sports, and relationships. Researchers found that students who smoke marijuana show poorer academic performance than their nonsmoker fellows. Poor academic results may be due to impaired cognitive functioning, memory, learning and attention, motor control, and reaction time.

The effects of weeds are more prominent in performing specific tasks at the workplace. Technical tasks that demand high concentration and memory are more likely to be affected than the labor work. They lack energy and show poor quality work.

The weed smokers have to face relationship problems. Family and friends do not accept anti-social behavior on the part of abuse. The weed users withdraw their selves from others and prefer their own company.


Certainly, using Marijuana recklessly is prohibited but its use is encouraged and accepted for enlightenment and spirituality. It is an entheogen plant that can widen one’s consciousness and helps in spiritual growth. But the line between spiritual development and pleasure is thin.

Marijuana has identified as a healing power that works in transforming experience.  It opens the mind up to news things and notions and helps in developing unique perspectives of life. It clears the mind and helps in focusing on and living the present moments. It is good to get a deeper state of meditation to connect deeper to oneself.

The presence of THC (9-tetrahydrocannabinol) gives psychoactive properties to cannabis which bring about a deep sense of relaxation. In this way, possibly, weed aid in shamanistic rituals giving a sense of spiritual realization.

The spiritual character of Marijuana is also associated with love, empathy, tolerance, unity, and kindness. These cannabis-based spiritual practices honor the plant as a gateway to the divine through connection with the self, others, and the Earth.


In China, Marijuana fiber was used traditionally in making clothes, fishing nets, ropes, paper, and for decoration purposes. For Chinese, it is vital as a food plant and part of China’s five cereal grains.

In India, Marijuana is used in the Tantric religious yoga sex acts. For Hindus, Charas (a type of Marijuana) has the same religious importance that wine has to Christians in Eucharist. The Hindu mystics favored smoking Charas in the religious ritual called Puja.

In North Africa, music, literature, and architecture have evolved with Marijuana-directed appreciation in mind.  African homes have kif rooms, where family members gather to sing and dance. Africans of Rhodesia use Marijuana as a remedy for relieving the symptoms of anthrax, malaria, dysentery, blood poisoning due to a snake bite, and asthma. 

Sufis–the hippies of Islam– consume a liquid cocktail of Marijuana called bhang. Sufi tradition considers consuming Marijuana as a means to unite with God. According to Sharia intoxication is considered antithetical. While Sufis interpret that Marijuana is not clearly prohibited in the Holy book.


Opponents say legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes will increase teen use that will increase medical emergencies. They say that marijuana use should be strongly discouraged as it harms the user physically and mentally and should not be legalized for recreation in any way. The legalization of marijuana fuels the availability and acceptability of the weed. This will be bad for the health and safety of the public

While on the other side, proponents of legalizing recreational marijuana say it free up scarce police resources, and stop the vast racial discrepancies in marijuana enforcement. Regulating marijuana will lessen street crime, take away the business from the smugglers. It will make marijuana use safer through mandatory testing and labeling.

The legalization of the sales, possession, and use of marijuana will increase tax revenue, generate commerce, and support the agricultural economy. Legalizing marijuana will create thousands of job opportunities in the formal economy rather than in the illicit market, adding billions to the economy.

Article author: attaurrehman515 (